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Part 1 - Harmless Species
Part 2 - Non-venomous Species with a Painful Bite
Part 3 - Mildly Venomous Species
- Introduction to Mildly Venomous Species
- Centipede-eaters and Burrowing Snakes
- Tiger Snakes
- Heralds and Tree Snakes
- Sand and Grass Snakes
- Skaapstekers, Reed, and Mountain Snakes
- Bark and Keeled Snakes
- Quill-snouted Snakes
- Beaked Snakes
- Beginners Guide to Snake ID (SA) – Mildly Venomous Species – Quiz
Part 4 - Venomous Species
Part 5 - Highly Venomous Species
A selection of Shovel-snout snakes: A + D Sundevall’s Shovel-snout, B – East-african Shovel-snout, C – Jan’s Shovel-snout.
These are small snakes, seldom exceeding 40 cm. There are 8 species in southern Africa, and all of them are harmless.
They generally live underground, in leaf litter and unused termite mounds where they feed on reptile eggs. They use the hard shovel-snout to pry eggs apart and burrow into the ground.
The tail often has a sharp terminal spike and they may use this to poke into an attacker, such as a person handling them.
These snakes are completely harmless.
- Sundevall’s Shovel Snout (Prosymna sundevalli)
- Jan’s Shovel Snout (Prosymna janii)
- South-western Shovel Snout (Prosymna frontalis)
- Angola Shovel Snout (Prosymna angolensis
- Lined Shovel Snout (Prosymna lineata)
- Two-striped Shovel Snout (Prosymna bivittate)
- East African Shovel Snout (Prosymna stuhlmanni)
- Visser’s Shovel Snout (Prosymna visseri)