Intermediate Shield-nose Snake (Aspidelaps scutatus intermedius)
Other Names: Intermediere Skildneusslang; Intermediere Skildneuskobra
Previously known as: Intermediate Shield Cobra
A smallish nocturnal snake that averages 40 – 45 cm in length and with a maximum length of 75 cm. It spends most of its time foraging in loose sand in search of small mammals, frogs and especially legless lizards, using its large rostral scale as a bulldozer.
If threatened it will lift its head off the ground, flatten the neck region into somewhat of a hood and strike repeatedly while hissing.
The venom of the Intermediate Shield Cobra is mildly cytotoxic and neurotoxic, causing local swelling and necrosis. Respiratory failure may occur but is rare. There is no antivenom for the bite of this snake and patients must be treated symptomatically.